Nursing Program Philosophy

Human Beings

Human beings are multidimensional, bio-psycho-social-spiritual beings in constant interaction with their internal (self) and external environment. People have individual characteristics, needs and goals and unique modes of adapting to their environment. These characteristics are influenced by culture, race and ethnicity.

Each person responds to their changing environment in a unified manner striving to adapt by using innate and learned bio-psycho-social-spiritual responses. Human beings interact dynamically with their environment to maintain and achieve effective adaptive mechanisms toward a quality of life compatible with their individual and socio-cultural values.

Health

Health is a dynamic, evolving process characterized by adaptive responses to internal and external environments. An optimal state of health is achieved when human beings are developing and achieving their own goals, when they perceive and cope with environmental stressors with effective modes of adaptation toward high levels of wellness.

The concept of health involves a continuum from wellness to deviation of wellness to death, and is relative to human beings in the context of the society and culture in which they live.

Nursing

Nursing is an essential humanistic practice whose focus is the promotion of health-oriented adaptive responses of clients (individuals, families and communities) to actual or potential health problems. Professional nursing practices derives from a nursing theoretical base, reflects a synthesis of knowledge from the human and natural sciences, and is guided by values consistent with nursing's humanistic orientation that recognizes the client's integrity, autonomy and dignity. The professional nurse provides nursing care to maintain or increase the client's optimal state of health. These nursing interventions require clinical judgment skills in assessing, diagnosing and evaluating human responses to factors affecting the client's state of health.

The professional nurse applies research findings to her/his practice, using research in the evaluation and improvement of practice. She demonstrates accountability for her/his own practice, is guided by personal and professional ethical standards, recognizes the client's goals and preferences and functions as a client advocate. The professional nurse uses leadership skills in her/his practice and collaborates with other health professionals in the improvement of health care delivery. She/he focuses upon the learning needs of the client related to health, implementing teaching plans and evaluating learning outcomes. The professional nurse practices in a variety of settings, traditional and unstructured.

Education

Education is an interactive process by which faculty and students pursue and share knowledge through planned experiences with an emphasis on the development of a spirit of inquiry, critical thinking and communications skills. Learning is a holistic process that effects a change in behavior, the change resulting from the interaction of the individual and his/her environment. Learning involves the acquisition of knowledge, skills and attitudes, and the development of insight into the implications of theories to practice. Learning that is significant is basically self-directed and characterized by learner active participation in assessing needs, identifying and evaluating goals and planning educational activities. Faculty provide for the organization of content and the structure for the learning experience. The teaching process encourages and facilitates student exploration of various modes of inquiry for the purpose of individual growth. Education is a life-long process that fosters a commitment to continued professional and personal growth.

Nursing Education

Nursing education provides a structure and atmosphere wherein nursing knowledge is taught with focus on its scientific, humanistic and ethical content. Faculty and students share responsibilities for planning experiences to explore the issues, standards of practice and values of the profession. The student expands her/his nursing knowledge and theory base and integrates knowledge from the humanities and natural and human sciences.

Registered nurse students, as adult learners, have unique needs, are diverse in their experiential backgrounds and represent wide ranges of individual differences in their types and pace of learning and readiness to learn. Baccalaureate nursing education for registered nursing promotes self-directed learning, builds upon previous learning and increases the learner's professional knowledge base, facilitates changes in professional role perceptions and behavior and provides for the internalization of knowledge, values and roles of the profession.

Undergraduate Program Objectives

  1. demonstrate a philosophy of nursing that is holistic, compassionate and sensitive to culture, race and ethnic diversity in health practices.

  2. synthesize theoretical and empirical knowledge from nursing and the human and natural sciences to provide rationale for professional nursing practice

  3. demonstrate ethical responsibility and professional accountability in the practice of nursing.

  4. utilize research to evaluate and improve professional nursing practice.

  5. formulate a commitment to continued professional development and life-long learning.

  6. utilize nursing theory and the nursing process in professional practice with individuals, families and communities.

  7. utilize leadership skills in collaborating with consumers, health professionals and legislators to improve health care in a changing society.

  8. contribute to planned change within the health care system.

  9. manage nursing activities in the delivery of comprehensive client care.

Undergraduate Program Purposes

  1. provide the graduate with a breadth of knowledge and values from both general and professional education.

  2. prepare the graduate for professional practice in traditional and unstructured health care settings.

  3. provide a foundation for graduate education in nursing.

  4. provide the knowledge base, experiences and role models that will facilitate resocialization from technical to professional nursing practice.

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