Curriculum Thread


Adaptation: A bio-psycho-social process used by human beings to cope with internal and external environmental stimuli.

Research: A scientific problem-solving process, the ultimate aim of which is the identification of discipline specific knowledge.

Leadership: The process of influencing others to work together to achieve a mutually identified goal. Nursing leadership behavior derives from knowledge and skills of leadership and organizational theories and strategies.

Ethics: A branch of moral philosophy that is concerned with doing good and avoiding harm. Nursing ethics provides guidance in the discharge of professional responsibilities consistent with the ethical obligations of the profession that are specified in the ANA Code of Ethics.

Communication: A dynamic process of sending and receiving information that may include verbal and/or non-verbal behavior. Therapeutic communication in nursing facilitates the establishment of productive nurse-client relationships and helps to achieve the goals of the nursing process.

Health: A dynamic and evolving process characterized by adaptive responses to internal and external stimuli.

Family: Two or more individuals sharing a common household or shared lineage and who relate to one another with specified patterns or roles.

Community: A group of individuals, living within a larger society, who share a common characteristic, location or interest.

Group: Three or more individuals who come together for a shared purpose.

Environment: Internal or external stimuli that affect the development and behavior of individuals and groups. Common stimuli include culture, family, developmental stage, cognator effectiveness and integrity of the adaptive modes (Andrews and Roy, 1986).

Collaboration: The process whereby nurses work jointly and cooperatively with other health care professionals for the purpose of implementing and evaluating health care services to clients.

Advocacy: Nursing behaviors that inform and support the rights of clients.

Legal: Parameters that dictate and guide the practice of professional nursing.

Public policy: Local, state and federal laws which affect the health care services of clients and which shape the environment of health care practitioners.


Nursing process: A cognitive and purposive problem-solving framework, which guides and directs nursing action in assisting clients to achieve health or effective adaptation. The nursing process according to Roy consists of six interrelated steps: the assessment of client behaviors; the assessment of focal, contextual and residual stimuli affecting behaviors; the identification of nursing diagnoses; the identification of client-centered goals, intervention strategies and evaluation.

Critical thinking: A process of conceptualizing, analyzing, synthesizing and evaluating information that will serve as a guide to the formulation of beliefs and action.

Professional roles: Sets of expected behavior patterns that describe the various functions of nurses in relation to clients and others. These roles include advocate, researcher, communicator, leader, teacher, learner, change agent, provider and coordinator of care.

Decision making: A deliberative process guiding nursing actions, which consists of selecting one course of action from alternatives based upon knowledge of the probable benefit of a chosen course of action.

Accountability: Assuming responsibility for professional actions and expected behaviors.

Teaching/learning: Teaching is a process of encouraging and facilitating the various modes of inquiry for the purpose of individual growth. Learning is a holistic process that affects a change of behavior resulting from the interaction of the individual with his/her environment.